While some injury is intentional by practice or by risk factors, there are also unintentional injuries, and they are the leading cause of death among children and adolescents (10–19y/o).
As #COVID19 has kept children at home, with their heterogeneous behaviours, they are at risk to injury this period. Here is what unintentional injury is, how to prevent and manage it.
An unintentional injury also referred to accidents is an injury that was not deliberately inflicted on the victim(s).
-Road traffic injury
-others including sport injuries
Some results from “culture” of correction in some communities like flogging or punishments
Sounds familiar right
ROAD TRAFFIC INJURY
Injury due to classes originating from, terminating or involving a vehicle/bikes partly or fully on a highway and has been recorded as the l
eading cause of death among 15–19y/o & 2nd leading cause of death among 10–14y/o. Resulting in disability for a while/more
Injuries from being exposed to an exogenous substance that causes cellular injury or death and is higher in poor/low, middle and high-income countries. Poisons can be:
-Inhaled -Ingested -Absorbed
The effects of this could be Acute or Chronic
Bleach, detergents, pesticides, poisonous plants/animal, insect bites, fuel, kerosene etc.
Who never did🤷♂️
A fall is an event, which results in a person coming to rest inadvertently on the ground/floor/lower levels. Falls are significant causes of disability-adjusted life years lost to unproductivity.
Falls occur more among boys than girls do and amongst the low socio-economic groups.
At one point, we as an adult, were at risk.
An event in which an individual’s airway is immersed in a liquid medium, leading to difficulty in breathing. Drowning May result in death or survival. Always keep children away from large waters.
RISK FACTORS FOR UNINTENTIONAL INJURY
INDIVIDUAL LEVEL (as a person, things that make you at risk)
Out of school
Not living with parents/on the street
Others-attention deficit hyperactivity disorder etc.
Low parental education
Mental illness of guardian
Large family size
Access to weapons
Engaging in Health compromising behaviours
Influence of teachers
Influence of peers
Influence of other students
Poor school environment
Size of school
Poor safety measures
Playgrounds/sports without coordinators
High school drop out
Violence and unrest in the community
Access to tobacco, alcohol, drugs, firearms etc.
Lack of adult role models
Impact of neighbours
AT SOCIETAL/NATIONAL LEVEL
PREVENTION OF UNINTENTIONAL/INTENTIONAL INJURIES
Prevent/minimise risk factors with intentional measures.
Use protective gears
Cover medicine/chemical bottles
Edges of furniture etc.
These are interventions aimed at “reducing the severity” of injuries.
-Like early diagnosis/identification
-Basic first aid at the scene of the incident
-parent/guardian should learn this and have kits at home
-legislation on seat belt/helmet use
At this point, the injury is likely severe already, hence, interventions are aimed at decreasing the frequency and severity of disability from the effect of such injury.
Burn treatment or management, walking stick/crutches but always seek medical help for this though
Stay safe and keep your children safer