COVID19-CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS AND INJURY AT HOME

ROAD TRAFFIC INJURY

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Injury due to classes originating from, terminating or involving a vehicle/bikes partly or fully on a highway and has been recorded as the l

eading cause of death among 15–19y/o & 2nd leading cause of death among 10–14y/o. Resulting in disability for a while/more

POISONING

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Injuries from being exposed to an exogenous substance that causes cellular injury or death and is higher in poor/low, middle and high-income countries. Poisons can be:

-Inhaled -Ingested -Absorbed

The effects of this could be Acute or Chronic

Causes

Bleach, detergents, pesticides, poisonous plants/animal, insect bites, fuel, kerosene etc.

FALLS

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Who never did🤷‍♂️

A fall is an event, which results in a person coming to rest inadvertently on the ground/floor/lower levels. Falls are significant causes of disability-adjusted life years lost to unproductivity.

Falls occur more among boys than girls do and amongst the low socio-economic groups.

BURNS

At one point, we as an adult, were at risk.

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DROWNING

An event in which an individual’s airway is immersed in a liquid medium, leading to difficulty in breathing. Drowning May result in death or survival. Always keep children away from large waters.

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RISK FACTORS FOR UNINTENTIONAL INJURY

INDIVIDUAL LEVEL (as a person, things that make you at risk)

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Age

Sex

Temperament

Out of school

Early puberty

Aggressive behaviour

Impairment/disability/handicap

Poverty

Inadequate education

Not living with parents/on the street

Others-attention deficit hyperactivity disorder etc.

FAMILY LEVEL

Low parental education

Mental illness of guardian

Large family size

Overcrowding

Poverty

Access to weapons

Engaging in Health compromising behaviours

Violent home

Drug users

SCHOOL

Influence of teachers

Influence of peers

Influence of other students

Poor school environment

Unsafe environments

Sports time

Size of school

Unsafe Playgrounds

Poor safety measures

Playgrounds/sports without coordinators

COMMUNITY

High school drop out

Violence and unrest in the community

Poverty

Arrests

Access to tobacco, alcohol, drugs, firearms etc.

Value system

Lack of adult role models

Impact of neighbours

Housing conditions

AT SOCIETAL/NATIONAL LEVEL

Legislation

Unemployment

Poverty

Natural disaster

Poor infrastructure

PREVENTION OF UNINTENTIONAL/INTENTIONAL INJURIES

PRIMARY-

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PRIMARY-

Prevent/minimise risk factors with intentional measures.

Use protective gears

Cover medicine/chemical bottles

Edges of furniture etc.

SECONDARY PREVENTION

These are interventions aimed at “reducing the severity” of injuries.

-Like early diagnosis/identification

-Basic first aid at the scene of the incident

-parent/guardian should learn this and have kits at home

-legislation on seat belt/helmet use

-smoke alarms

TERTIARY PREVENTION

At this point, the injury is likely severe already, hence, interventions are aimed at decreasing the frequency and severity of disability from the effect of such injury.

Burn treatment or management, walking stick/crutches but always seek medical help for this though

Stay safe and keep your children safer

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